What a Counsellor and Psychotherapist have to learn…?

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Yes, that the questions. What counsellors and psychotherapist have to learn to be good enough to help others who suffer from mental health and personal dilemmas.

The first is personal development and professional integrations. Including personal counselling sessions and then clients work to gathering an experience.

Yes, the counsellor students have to attend at least to fifty counselling sessions as well. That is logically and ethically issue before we start to see the clients. And then, obviously supervision during the practice.

“Meanings are not determined by situations, but we determine ourselves by the meanings we give to situations.”
Alfred Adler

However, I start from” Introduction to Humanistic and Existentialism” where approaches from ancient times through ancient Greece and Rome, we reached the 19th century, after all in 1964, at Old Saybrook conference was establish the new movement in humanistic psychotherapy. The individuals like Abraham Maslow, Carl Rogers and Rollo May, was participated in the conference. Humanistic and existential approaches originate was established in the 19th century after psychoanalytic school of Fraud and behaviourism approaches, including Abraham Maslow (1908-1970) who was one of the first people who are responsible for creating behaviourism psychology.

Humanistic and Existential approaches are lying close to each other. Both respect clients believe and his individualism, personal responsibility and ability for own choice to change. These approaches create by the third force psychotherapists, who take responsibility to develop a new line in the field;

  • Gestalt Therapy by Fritz Perls (1893-1970),
  • Client-Centered Therapy also naming person-centred Therapy (PCT), by Carl Rogers (1902-1987).
  • Existential Therapy with Irvin D. Yalom(1931).
  • Logotherapy with Victor Frankl(1905-1997).

On one side we meet non-directive theory of Person-centred Therapy with Carl Rogers who did the significant movement in humanistic psychotherapy with others important persons like Abraham Maslow with his “Hierarchy of Needs” and on another side, we have more phenomenological approaches like; Existentialism where we met Irvin D. Yalom, with Existential Psychotherapy. Not excluded a Rollo May, (1909-1994) who is an author of the prestige book “Love and Will”. And then Victor Frankl with Logotherapy and his famous bestseller “Mean Search of Meaning”. This particular book I read in both language Polish and English. Very good writing, especial that is not from the eastern European point of view and is written by the psychiatrist who makes a great work in meaning of life from a psychological point of view.

A good part of humanistic approaches to learn from Carl Rogers is the essence of personal development, the “Self” where he believes that the person changes during the individuals life and create own personality during human existence. This is created by his experiences of self-concept (self – image, self – worth or self-esteem, and ideal self).

Self image.

Since the self-image is that how we see on own self, for instance, we make an opinion about own body image or perceive own person a wise or a stupid because that have influence from own parents and another member of family, friends and social media and others factors in the human environment. The self-image could be very important for another factor which is self-esteem and self-worth where we find what we thinking about own self, and this believing system aroused and formed in own childhood and could stay same till today. Next aspect of the Rogerian school is ideal self where we imagine who we would like to be, according to own ambitions and aims in own life. The ideal self is not persistent, the ideal self-consistently changes and it depends on the circumstance in life. And could vary from person to person.

Self Concept.

The emotional state as a core of self-concept is individual and have own personal meaning. Is possibly happened for the self, is not that what we want to see or what see others in of ourselves, maybe different in perceiving of others, for instance, Johari Window could be a good example for deeper examinee own self how others perceive us and to comparing how we see. According to Person-Centred Therapy (PCT), Rogerian believes that the individual and unique experience of human let him be the human, be an expert on his own life with his perception. When two people observe the same pigeon they have two different experience and two feelings.
Consider growth and personal development we cannot forget about self-awareness where we have to ask own self who am I and explore the power of the big “Why”? and “What IF”?

An important value in the learning process has main core condition like empathy where we learn how to understand others more deeply and adequately, unconditional positive regard was on behave in the therapeutic process and is not dependent on the client personality or behaviour, as a growth person, we accept others unconditionally without bias and prejudice. Sound not easy. Is it not?

For instance, I will still offer help, no matter if is someone is homeless or suffer from an addicted personality.

A typical example of Unconditional Positive Regard (UPR) is where the parents like more the kids where they are calm and nice. That is mean that love the child unconditional. The same therapist provides UPR for all clients. Then the congruence when we can achieve self-awareness and the helping counsellor show evidence of high-quality openness and authentic person.
Some of the technique you can watch demonstrating a session Person-Centred Therapy (PCT) by Carl Rogers with Gloria. on You Tube

She showing one of the significant evidence of how we can develop during psychotherapy session using only one kind of therapy.


“I feel more comfortable the way you are talking to me in a low voice and I don’t feel you will be so harsh on me”
Gloria.

Personal development and growth during the journey of therapeutic approaches in humanistic and existentialism, as a person I have to experience and evaluate own self-awareness, find the locus of evaluation and constantly improve actualizing tendency to remember the condition of the worth and organismic process during human life.

A developing person has to remember about Rogers rationale where we know that we exist in the hierarchy of human needs and our growth by own experience and awareness of control own self. Constantly looking and improving meaning and sense in life. Foster a good working relationship with self and others.

The humanistic school believe that, when the therapist provides proper therapeutic process, then the client can heal himself in many issues without medication.

Personal growth let us be better for own self, more truly and more understanding and more aware, be more responsible as a person who has the own choice, be here and now, be at present.


Another value in human development is finding the sense in life according to existentialism approaches and the authors like Victor Frankl who experience in his life during he has to stay in Nazi camps during the WII. “Hi, ask his comrade and his self what is the meaning of life what is the purpose and aim.” Even the experience was very bad in that time because of lost his family he does not lose the sense of the life he knows by reflection, by the self-determination and the uniqueness of the human.

Is that what we have to find in existentialism by many authors from the philosophical point of view Nietzsche, Soren Kierkegaard, Sartre or Buber to more phenome logical and close in time like Rollo May, Irvin Yalom, James Bugental. All that we help in development by humanistic approaches is that any human is unique and individual, we are born alone and will die alone we come to the world for the own reason and own purpose for living, we try to live here and now.

Occasionaly we make mistaks as all we do, we are all the human and all of us are inperfect. For sure. And that is ok.

” An assumption unusual in psychology today is that the subjective human being has an important basic value; that no matter how he may be labelled and evaluated he is a human person first of all, and most deeply. “

Carl Rogers, 1962

Do you find interesting this article? What is your minning of life.?

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