Different types of counselling and psychotherapy …

We know many kinds of counselling that can be used in providing a mental care to the counselled person or group of people. The psychotherapist makes a choice which approach of therapeutic intervention is appropriate to use for particular case and situations. 

Some types of counselling are:

spiritual,

supportive,

crisis,

individual, preventative,

group,

family and grief

I would like to describe the last three which are 

  • group counselling
  • family counselling
  • grief counselling

Group counselling as the name suggests is a consultation for a number of people, not only for individual participant of therapy.

Several problems can be carried out in group therapy as for instance in the case of addicted, anxiety, depression, eating disorder, difficulties in relationship, schizophrenia and others which can be conducted in groups. Taking part in this kind of therapy, we can gain many benefits not only to meet people with similar experiences or the same feelings which will facilitate the understanding of the problem we are facing and will allow us to better understand ourselves.

Today’s therapy involves small groups between seven to twelve members which allows for more comfortable running meetings for patients and therapists.

As the start group session, the therapist encourages the client to introduce themselves to another members, tell them the reason they are on the therapy and they expect of these sessions. Then the therapist invites someone to talk about own experiences and thoughts which appeared, during disease or distress. Some of the members do not take participate partly by a few sessions until they  will feel fully comfortable to take part in the discussion. Instead, they are just sitting and listening before they feel ready to talk.

Family counselling is offered when the family have a  difficult situation and can not solve the problem alone. During family therapy, the members of the family cooperate with one or several therapists to improve relations and family life. The therapist tries to explore a problem inherent in the family life and find out what are their views on a particular situation, and a  plan together how to solve the dilemma. Sessions been going with individual members of the family, from 45 minutes to 1 hour where a family member may freely terminate on what bothering himself. The family counselling takes a several weeks because this time is required to solve the problem for each family. However often happens that  the only one of the family members who have a problem, have effects to the rest of the household regardless of whether it is a child or adult or guardians and the elderly. Many families take benefit from family therapy which has emerged a separation, divorce or death of a family member. The therapist does not remain indifferent also when it comes to parenting abuses and problems with adolescents.

Grief counselling it is a form of psychotherapy, where we can learn how to cope after the loss of a loved one and how to live in mourning and cope with unremitting sorrow. Counsellor psychotherapist focuses on finding and common travelling away from the pain of losing the internal balance, ripe sorrow, expressing itself in cheerfulness. There are several tasks such as assistance tailored to the stages of grief. Help acceptance of reality through the transition from the denial to recognize the facts. Help rebound emotion that is in touch with their feelings.

The task of helping us to bring a person suffering from a situation in which it allows the expression of emotions hidden so far. The psychologist must prepare for contact with crying, aggression and grief. It also takes off their shoulders the burden of human guilt. Adapting to the new reality. Renewal of forces and invest them in new systems and situations. Redirecting attention from what is lost, what awaits in the future. In the end, a person surviving grief after the loss must find the lost object to a new place in your life. Attitude towards him is still evolving, although he still occupies an important place in the affections and memories, they must find the strength and motivation to continue life.

Photo by Marcin Bogucki.

From own experience of practice often we find during a grief process something else what is not related for loss but is linked with another aspects of our life. Often we can find it as second loss.